How is Keratoconus Treated?

Keratoconus is an eye disorder that causes structural issues that affect the shape, and thickness of your cornea. Those with keratoconus often have a cone-like shaped cornea that causes various vision problems. Keratoconus usually affects both eyes, though, for some patients, it may affect one eye more than the other. The condition may progress slowly for ten years or even longer. In the early stages, you may be able to correct your vision problems with contact lenses or glasses. However, over time, you will need more extensive treatment.

Our keratoconus specialists at Focal Point Vision treat this corneal disease and offer different keratoconus treatments for our patients in San Antonio, TX. Corneal cross-linking helps slow or stop it from progressing, which reduces a patient’s need for a corneal transplant in the future.

Symptoms of keratoconus

Some signs and symptoms of keratoconus may change as the disease progresses. They include:

  • Blurred vision

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Irregular astigmatism

  • Worsening distance vision over time

  • The need for frequent prescription changes

At Focal Point Vision, we offer eye exams where we can determine if you have an eye disorder and discuss possible treatments.

Keratoconus causes

Doctors don’t know for sure why people get keratoconus. For some patients, it appears to be genetic. It has also been associated with eye allergies, connective tissue disorders, and excessive eye rubbing. Usually, patients start experiencing symptoms in their late teens or early 20s, and their symptoms slowly worsen for the next 10 – 20 years.

Diagnosing keratoconus

To diagnose keratoconus, our ophthalmologists at Focal Point Vision will review your medical and family history, and then conduct an eye exam. We may recommend tests to determine more details about the shape of your cornea. Some tests we use to diagnose keratoconus include:

  1. Eye refraction: This allows us to measure your eyes to check for vision problems.

  2. Slit-lamp examination: During this test, we place a vertical beam of light on the surface of your eye and use a microscope to view your eye. This allows us to see the shape of your cornea.

  3. Keratometry: This test focuses a circle of light on your cornea and measures its reflection to determine its shape.

  4. Computerized corneal mapping: This special photographic test records images to create a shape map of your cornea. Corneal tomography measures your cornea’s thickness.

Keratoconus treatment

At Focal Point Vision, we use different advanced techniques to combat the effects of keratoconus and to restore your vision. When you are diagnosed with the disorder, and it has progressed enough to need treatment, our eye surgeons will consult with you to determine which treatment is best for you, including:

  1. Corneal cross-linking: This outpatient surgery uses riboflavin eye drops with UV light.

  2. Intacs® corneal implant: Tiny, crescent-shaped implants are inserted into the eye to modify the shape of your cornea to fix vision.

  3. Corneal transplant: This replaces the entire cornea with donor tissue.

Learn how to restore your vision with a keratoconus specialist

While keratoconus can cause vision loss or even blindness when left untreated, it can be treated by one of our trained eye surgeons with years of experience at Focal Point Vision. When you've noticed signs or symptoms of keratoconus, such as progressively worsening distance vision or blurry vision, reach out to our San Antonio, TX office and schedule a consultation today.

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.