How Do Health Professionals Diagnose Cornea Disease?

The cornea is the clear outer tissue covering the front part of the eye. It is responsible for protecting it from dirt, dust, or bacteria and also bends light, so it hits the retina properly. A healthy cornea is dome-shaped. The overall shape and condition of your cornea can affect your vision. This is why it’s important to have your eyes checked at Focal Point Vision in San Antonio, TX whenever you have any abnormalities with vision. Our board-certified ophthalmologists offer many treatment options for those with corneal defects.

Types of cornea eye diseases

At Focal Point Vision, our cornea specialist doctors have years of experience diagnosing, treating, and managing many different corneal eye diseases and disorders. Some conditions that we often see at our San Antonio, TX eye center include:

  • Corneal abrasion

  • Corneal dystrophy

  • Corneal ulcer

  • Keratoconus

  • Keratitis

  • Pterygium

Each of these conditions has different causes, which lead to different symptoms. To learn if you have cornea disease, it’s important to schedule an appointment at Focal Point Vision to be evaluated.

Causes of corneal disease

Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections are common causes of corneal damage in our patients. The aging process can also affect the health of your cornea. Genetics also plays a major factor in your eye health. The prolonged use of contact lenses also makes you more susceptible to developing a corneal disease.

Cornea damage symptoms

Some of the most common signs of cornea damage include:

  • Eye pain

  • Stinging or burning in the eye

  • Blurred or cloudy vision

  • Feeling like something is in your eye (caused by a scratch)

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Redness

  • Swollen eyelids

  • Watery eyes

If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to schedule an appointment at Focal Point Vision as soon as possible.

What does a cornea specialist do?

At Focal Point Vision, a cornea specialist can check for corneal disease or damage by looking at your eyes with magnifying tools. A slit-lamp examination allows us to check for corneal scars and early cataracts. Once we have diagnosed you with a cornea disease, we will accurately treat it. To restore vision that has become cloudy due to damage on your cornea, we offer various treatment options, including:

  1. Corneal cross-linking: This keratoconus treatment uses Vitamin B2 drops with ultraviolet light exposure for up to 30 minutes to strengthen the corneal proteins.

  2. Intacs® corneal implants: To help with keratoconus, we may recommend an implant. This device helps the cornea to get back to a healthy shape. We use laser technology to insert this device. It can be performed with refractive laser-assisted cataract surgery too.

  3. Cornea transplants: Corneal transplantation is the first of its type performed on a human. At Focal Point Vision in San Antonio, TX, we perform the Descemet’s Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty and Descemet’s Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty, depending on the layer of corneal tissue that is damaged.

  4. Superficial keratectomy: A superficial keratectomy is an eye surgery that works to smooth out, or remove, the outer layer of the corneal tissue. This is recommended for patients with anterior corneal damage.

  5. Keratoprosthesis: This eye procedure is used on those with severe corneal disease. The device helps remove thickness, which has affected a patient’s vision. After a healing process, a second surgery is done to place the corneal transplant.

Learn if you have a cornea eye disease

Corneal eye diseases can dramatically affect your vision. When you’re experiencing abnormal symptoms with your eyes, it’s important to schedule an appointment at Focal Point Vision in San Antonio, TX to have your eyes evaluated by our professional team. Allow us to help you get clear vision once again.

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.