Six Common Cornea Diseases You Should Know About

For patients to enjoy great vision, it is important to have healthy corneas. If the corneas become infected or diseased in some way, this could lead to vision problems and even blindness. At Focal Point Vision, we know how important it is to provide individuals with the best health care possible. This is why we provide treatment for common cornea diseases.

So what does the cornea do, and what happens if you have a cornea disease? Rest assured that Focal Point Vision is one of the most respected and well-known ophthalmology groups in San Antonio, TX. Our board-certified doctors are happy to provide up-to-date eye care with state-of-the-art equipment in a relaxing office setting. Learn the following cornea disease names by scheduling a visit to our facility today.

What does the cornea do?

The cornea itself is made of proteins. It has several main layers, and each plays an essential role in the function of the eye. In order for an individual to see well, all layers of the cornea must be free of any opaque or cloudy areas. So what does the cornea do? First, the cornea shields the eye from harm, protecting it from germs or other objects. The cornea also screens out damaging ultraviolet (UV) rays in sunlight.

To better understand how the cornea works, it is often compared to a camera lens. When light enters the eye, the cornea bends the light, so it freely passes through the pupil in the center of the iris. This is why the smoothness and shape of the cornea are both vitally important to the functioning of the eye. Corneal disease occurs when a medical condition or outside source damages the cornea in some way.

Cornea disease names

Diseases that affect the cornea include:

  1. Corneal ulcer: most corneal ulcers are due to an infection of the eye. With ulcers, patients experience mild to severe eye pain and discharge. Contact lens wearers are more susceptible to ulcers if bacteria gets trapped under the lens. Decrease your chances of getting an ulcer by protecting your eyes and practicing good hygiene.

  2. Pterygium: a visible, noncancerous growth on the surface of the eye. It usually appears triangular in shape. Although most cases of pterygium are not dangerous, they may continue to grow and cover the eye, impairing your vision. Since pterygium are caused by sunlight, avoid further exposure as much as possible.

  3. Keratoconus: an eye disease in which the cornea weakens over time, causing it to change shape. Patients with keratoconus experience blurry vision and increased sensitivity to light. One or both eyes may be affected. While experts do not know what causes keratoconus, some cases may be due to genetics.

  4. Corneal dystrophy: a group of eye disorders that cause a buildup of foreign material in the layers of the cornea. Some patients may not have symptoms of corneal dystrophy right away but could have decreased vision and eye discomfort as a result.

  5. Keratitis: a common eye disease where the cornea becomes inflamed. Keratitis is typically the result of an infection or injury. This condition may lead to serious eye pain and blurred vision based on the cause of the inflammation. To avoid loss of vision, patients should see a medical professional as soon as possible.

  6. Corneal abrasion: a superficial scratch on the cornea of the eye. Corneas are easily scratched by dust particles, dirt, sand, wood shavings, or even the edge of a piece of paper. Because the eye is very sensitive, patients may feel significant pain until they seek treatment.

Treatments for corneal diseases

Ophthalmologists in San Antonio, TX provide a wide variety of treatments for corneal diseases, including medications and surgical procedures. Your options often depend on the severity of the condition and whether your vision is at stake. For instance, a superficial corneal abrasion may heal on its own, while a severe corneal abrasion requires antibiotics to prevent infection and steroids to decrease symptoms, such as inflammation.

Not all treatments are right for everyone, however. To find out which solutions are best for your cornea problem, it is important to consult with an experienced eye doctor. They will gather information about your corneal disease and health history before performing a thorough eye examination. Focal Point Vision is proud to use the most advanced technology available to diagnose your issue and review treatment possibilities.

Learn cornea disease names and more

So what causes keratoconus, and how do you treat a corneal ulcer? When you meet with the board-certified ophthalmologists and optometrists at Focal Point Vision, we can address your concerns and create a custom treatment plan moving forward. Our clinic strives to achieve excellence in every part of the process, from the preliminary screening to maintenance and support. We carefully design our appointments to be easy and flexible while ensuring the best possible care. This is what sets our team apart from others in San Antonio, TX. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.